India currently produces about 4.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the country is growing rapidly. The Paris Agreement requires all countries that ratify it to present a national plan to limit global temperature rise, and as part of its plan, India has set a goal of producing 40% of its electricity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. With its ratification by the European Union, the agreement received enough contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement. [24] According to Article 28, the earliest possible effective withdrawal date for the United States is November 4, 2020, with the agreement having entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016. If it had chosen to withdraw from the UNFCCC, it could be notified immediately (the UNFCCC entered into force for the United States in 1994) and enter into force a year later. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration sent an official notice to the United Nations stating that the United States intended to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it was legally allowed to do so. [25] The formal resignation could not be submitted until the agreement was in force for the United States for 3 years in 2019. [26] [27] Signing is the first step to ensure that the agreement enters into force as soon as possible. Once signed, countries must take the additional national (or national) step to adopt or ratify the agreement. India, one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, has ratified the Global Paris Climate Agreement.

The United States and China – which together account for 40 percent of global carbon emissions – both officially joined the Paris global climate agreement earlier this month. The United States officially ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in September. Of the world`s top 10 emitters of greenhouse gases, only the United States, China and India have submitted their ratification documents, according to the 2015 Paris Conference. The world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases include the 28 countries of the European Union – which is counted as a single entity for the purposes of the treaty – and Russia has not yet formally approved the plan. At the United Nations General Assembly last month, Ban Ki-moon urged member countries to accelerate their domestic policy agendas to join the agreement as soon as possible. His term as secretary-general ends this year, and once the plan goes into effect, countries that ratify the agreement won`t be able to leave the agreement for four years, making it harder for the next U.S. administration to roll back President Obama`s policies and promises. As of November 2020, 194 states and the European Union had signed the agreement. 188 countries and the EU, which account for about 79% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have ratified or acceded to the Convention, including China and India, the countries with the 1st and 3rd largest CO2 emissions among UNFCCC members.

[12] [13] [14] The 197 members of the UNFCCC have signed or acceded to the Paris Agreement. One of the main objectives of the agreement is to limit the increase in global average temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue a stricter limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial temperature levels. .